IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications
13–16 September 2021 // Virtual Conference // By 6G Flagship

WS7 – Workshop on eXtended Reality (XR) for 5G and Beyond (5G-XR Pro)

Monday 13 September, 10:00-12:30 (UTC/GMT +3)


eXtended Reality (XR) is an umbrella term that brings AR (Augmented Reality), VR (Virtual Reality) and MR (Mixed Reality) under one term. XR is expected to become a new killer application in the 5G era and it is predicted that there will be over 100 million XR users by 2025 and 1 billion by 2030. Within 3GPP, many XR use cases have been identified such as 3D messaging, immersive 6DoF, immersive online gaming, remote assistance, realtime 3D communication, online shopping, and holographic communication. A common feature of these XR applications is the Real-Time Broadband Communication (RTBC). For example, growing resolution and frame rate will increase the downlink rate from 50~100 Mbps to 0.5~1 Gbps, and for strong-interaction applications and cloud rendering, the latency will be lowered from 100 ms to 5~10 ms. Furthermore, holographic communication requires nearly 50~100 Gbps peak rate and ms-level latency. 

Obviously, XR poses higher requirements of both capacity and latency on 5G networks and drives the evolution of 5G technologies. This workshop will mainly consider the air interface technologies which may help achieve the requirements for these XR applications. This workshop provides the opportunity for attendees from both academia and industry to exchange views on advanced XR technologies for 5G and beyond. 

The potential topics include, but are not limited to: 

  • XR quality evaluation metric/methodology 
  • Use cases, requirements, and standardization of 5G XR in 3GPP  
  • Coordination and cross-layer design for 5G XR 
  • Unequal error protection (UEP) techniques  
  • QoE or source aware based transmission 
  • Multi-stream transmission with different QoS requirements  
  • Time sensitive scheduling with broadband transmission for 5G 
  • Machine learning based video transmission 
  • Joint source and channel coding  
  • XR including AR/VR/MR mobility 
  • Advanced power saving techniques for XR devices  
  • Low-complexity advanced scalable video coding for XR 
  • Holographic and haptic communication  

Workshop chairs / organizers 

General Chair(s) 

Technical Program Committee Chairs 

Technical Program Committee Members 

  • Hwan-Joon (Eddy) Kwon, Senior Director at Qualcomm 
  • Chi-Hsuan Hsieh, Research Expert at MediaTek 
  • Gwendal Simon, Distinguished CDN Architect at Synamedia
  • Ying Cui, Professor at Shanghai Jiao Tong University 
  • Liang Zhou, Professor at Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications 
  • Shengyue Dou, Research Expert at Huawei 
  • Wei Zhang, Professor at Xidian University 
  • Yuejun Wei, Research Expert at Huawei 


  • Dr. Jiyong PangHuawei Technologies, China,  


Workshop Keynotes 

Keynote 1: “On the Challenges of Delivering Next-Generation XR Applications in the Internet
Monday 13 September, 10:05-10:40 (UTC/GMT +3)

Dr. Gwendal Simon, Synamedia, France

This talk introduces the rising challenges related to the delivery of content for novel multimedia applications, such as Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality, volumetric video, and personalized video. One of the main trends in the industry of creative media is the prevailing role of 3D scenes and objects in the creation chain. A growth in the amount of 3D objects that will have to be transported in the network is anticipated. We propose dedicated solutions for adaptive delivery of 3D scenes. We focus in this talk on the delivery of 3D textures and on edge computing delivery for immersive applications.

Gwendal Simon is a Distinguished CDN Architect at Synamedia. Previously, he was a Research Expert at Huawei (2019-2021) and a Full Professor at IMT Atlantique (2006-2019). His research interests include network measurement, multimedia delivery systems (video, gaming, Augmented Reality), and network delivery. He has co-authored more than 100 scientific papers, 4 of them having been awarded as best papers in prestigious conferences (including IEEE ICC and ACM MMSys). His impactful research has also resulted in a dozen of patents, several software and datasets, and contributions to multiple innovative collaborative projects and startups. He has advised 14 PhD students. He graduated from University Rennes 1 (France) with a PhD in Computer Science in 2004 and a Habilitation in 2015. He was a research engineer at Orange R&D lab (2001-2006), a visiting researcher at University Waterloo (2011-2012), and a visiting senior researcher at Adobe Research in San Jose California (2018-2019). His research has attracted about 4,000 citations and his h-index is over 30. His academic duties include the promotion of reproducible research and chairing roles in the most significant multimedia conferences (including ACM Multimedia, Nossdav, MMSys). He is Chevalier des Palmes Academiques.


Keynote 2: “Networking for Holographic Teleportation Applications
Monday 13 September, 10:53-11:28 (UTC/GMT +3)

Prof. Ning Wang, University of Surrey, UK

Live holographic teleportation has been widely deemed as a next-generation communication application enabled by cutting-edge extended reality (XR) technologies. It is expected that such type of media application will see its wider deployment across the whole Internet, allowing users to communicate with immersive experiences between any geographical locations around the global world. This talk first provides an overview of the holographic teleportation application, followed by the elaboration on its user Quality of Experiences (QoE) aspects. New network requirements and technical challenges in supporting holographic teleportation applications will also be discussed.

Ning Wang obtained his PhD degree in Electronic Engineering from the Centre for Communication Systems Research (CCSR), University of Surrey in 2004. He is currently a full professor at the 5G/6G Innovation Centre (5GIC/6GIC) hosted at Institute for Communication Systems (ICS) at University of Surrey. He has been leading and involved in nearly 20 research projects funded by EU and UK funding bodies as well as industry. Since 2013 he has been leading a research team working on high performance networking and service delivery in 5G. Till now he has published over 150 research papers in the areas of future networks, 5G, Internet of Things, and network and service management. Professor Wang’s research interests include future media delivery, 5G networking, edge computing, Quality of Services and network management and control.


Keynote 3: “Optimal Wireless Streaming for 360 Video
Monday 13 September, 11:41-12:16 (UTC/GMT +3)

Prof. Ying Cui, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

Virtual reality (VR) techniques provide a better quality of experience (QoE) in interactive applications and have vast applications in entertainment, education, medicine, etc. This talk focuses on adaptive 360 video streaming from a multi-antenna base station (BS) to multiple single-antenna users in a multi-carrier wireless system. Specifically, we maximize the video quality and minimize the rebuffering time for wireless streaming of one 360 video and multiple 360 videos, respectively, by optimizing encoding rate adaptation for each group of pictures (GOP) and transmission adaptation at each coherence block. We adopt rate splitting in the most general form to maximize the rate region. We formulate the two optimization problems as two-timescale non-convex problems and propose iterative algorithms to obtain KKT points. Finally, we numerically show that the proposed solutions achieve notable gains over existing schemes.

Ying Cui received the B.E. degree in electronic and information engineering from Xi’an Jiao Tong University, China, in 2007, and the Ph.D. degree in electronic and computer engineering from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), Hong Kong, in 2011. From 2012 to 2013, she was a Post-Doctoral Research Associate with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA. From 2013 to 2014, she was a Post-Doctoral Research Associate with the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA. Since 2015, she has been an Associate Professor with the Department of Electronic Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. Her current research interests include massive access, distributed learning, wireless steaming, wireless caching, and mobile edge computing. She received the Best Paper Award at IEEE ICC 2015. She serves as an Editor for IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS.


Enhanced Power Saving Schemes for eXtended Reality
Dongru Li (vivo Communications Research Institute, vivo Mobile Communication Co., Ltd., China); Huazheng You, Wei Jiang, Xiaohang Chen, Chaojun Zeng and Xiaodong Sun (vivo Communications Research Institute, vivo Mobile Communication Co., Ltd., China)

Exploring Extended Reality With Flexible Spectrum Access in Wireless Cellular Network
Yu Gao (Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd., China); Songyan Xue (Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd., China); Mengying Ding (Huawei Technologies, Co. Ltd., China); Jinlin Peng (Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd., China); Jiyong Pang (Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd., China)

Frame Synchronisation for Multi-Source Holograhphic Teleportation Applications – an Edge Computing Based Approach
Sweta Anmulwar (University of Surrey, Guildford, United Kingdom (Great Britain)); Ning Wang, Andy Pack and Vu San Ha Huynh (University of Surrey, United Kingdom (Great Britain)); Jinze Yang (Huawei Technologies, China); Rahim Tafazolli (University of Surrey, United Kingdom (Great Britain))

Performance Evaluation of Extended Reality Applications in 5G NR System
Jay Kumar Sundararajan (Qualcomm, USA); Hwan-Joon Kwon (Qualcomm, China); Olufunmilola Awoniyi-Oteri, Yuchul Kim, Chih-ping Li, Jelena Damnjanovic and Shanyu Zhou (Qualcomm, USA); Ruifeng Ma (Qualcomm, China); Yeliz Tokgoz, Prashanth Hande and Tao Luo (Qualcomm, USA); Kiran Mukkavilli (Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., USA); Tingfagn Ji (Qualcomm Technologies Inc., USA)

UE Power Saving Techniques for Extended Reality (XR) Services in 5G NR Systems
Yuchul Kim (Qualcomm, USA); Hwan-Joon Kwon (Qualcomm, China); Olufunmilola Awoniyi-Oteri, Prashanth Hande, Jay Kumar Sundararajan and Yeliz Tokgoz (Qualcomm, USA); Tao Luo (QUALCOMM INc, USA); Kiran Mukkavilli (Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., USA); Tingfang Ji (Qualcomm Inc., USA)

XR Quality Index: Evaluating RAN Transmission Quality for XR Services Over 5G and Beyond
Shengyue Dou (Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd., China); Shuri Liao (Huawei Technologies, Co. Ltd., China); Jian Wu (Huawei Technologies, China); Kedi Wu (Huawei Technologies, Co., China); Erkai Chen (Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd., China); Weichao Chen (Huawei Technologies Company Ltd., Shanghai, China); Hui Shen (Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd., China); Nijun Li (Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd., China)