IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications
13–16 September 2021 // Virtual Conference // By 6G Flagship

V2X Connectivity and Learning on the Road towards Cooperative Automated Driving

After more than two decades of huge industrial and academic research efforts, cooperative automated driving (CAD) is close to being a reality and to revolutionize our mobility.

Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) connectivity will complement embedded sensors (encompassing RADAR/LIDAR, cameras, positioning-systems) by letting vehicles exchange data with nearby vehicles, pedestrians, roadside-infrastructure as well as with remote entities. Several technologies are currently available and still evolving to support V2X connectivity (e.g., 802.11p/802.11bd, Cellular-V2X and its new 5G NR-based evolution), also pushed by several initiatives and standardization fora (e.g., IEEE, 3GPP, ETSI, 5GAA, Car2Car-Communication-Consortium).

Notwithstanding, the very strict application requirements, such as ultra-low latency (below 3ms) and high-reliability (up to 99.999%) demanded also under congested, harsh and highly-varying propagation scenarios, highly challenge existing connectivity solutions and entail the investigation of more disruptive techniques which are under discussion in the 5G and beyond research arena. On the other hand, sophisticated machine learning (ML) algorithms, implemented in edge/cloud facilities, are required to properly mine the big amount of collected data, to allow human drivers and self-driving vehicles to build an accurate perception of their surroundings and make decisions accordingly.

The design of innovative V2X connectivity and ML techniques for CAD (with their synergies still to be fully disclosed) will contribute to safer, smarter and greener driving paving the way for intriguing interdisciplinary research opportunities which motivate this panel. It will bring together leading experts from academia and industries representing key players active worldwide in the V2X R&D community and spanning automotive and telco vendors. They will discuss the state-of-the-art and share their views about the key V2X and ML solutions. Such insights are expected to fuel a fruitful discussion among the panelists and with the audience on potential cutting-edge technology trends having a lasting impacting the next years as key drivers for the genuine CAD take-off.

Questions

  1. Which would be the killer applications in the CAD realm which would challenge more V2X connectivity and/or ML techniques? Which is the main societal impact expected from them?
  2. How do you see the evolution of connectivity solutions in the next 2-to-5 years and which communication/networking technology on the horizon for 6G you will suggest to investigate as the game changer to improve performance of next-generation connected vehicles?
  3. Which role do you foresee for ML to optimize the V2X connectivity and application-layer CAD performance?
  4. As disruptive technologies and solutions are coming into the V2X picture (e.g., higher spectrum, unconventional access techniques, ML) which is the role of evaluation tools like simulators, prototyping and real-world datasets for accelerating the transition of the main breakthroughs from the lab to the market?
  5. As demonstrated in the last years, CAD needs to overcome a large number of different issues, including people’s skepticism, potential legal/regulation uncertainties, security threats, and a different evolutionary speed between the automotive and the telecom world. Which do you think will be the aspects that mostly risk to breakdown the deployment in the next years?

Moderator

Claudia Campolo, Associate Professor, University of Reggio Calabria, Italy, claudia.campolo@unirc.it

List of Participants

Onur Altintas, InfoTech Labs Fellow and Senior Executive Engineer, Toyota North America R&D, USA, onur@us.toyota-itc.com

Alessandro Bazzi, Senior Researcher at University of Bologna, Italy, alessandro.bazzi@unibo.it

Falko Dressler, Full Professor, TU Berlin, Germany, dressler@ccs-labs.org

Maxime Flament, Chief Technology Officer, 5GAA,Germany, maxime.flament@5gaa.org

Stefano Sorrentino, Principal Researcher, Ericsson, Sweden, stefano.sorrentino@ericsson.com

Biographies

Claudia Campolo is an Associate Professor of Telecommunications at University Mediterranea of Reggio Calabria, Italy (March 2020-today). She received a Laurea degree in Telecommunications Engineering (2007) and a PhD degree (2011) from the same university. She was a visiting PhD student at Politecnico di Torino in 2008 and a DAAD fellow at University of Paderborn, Germany in 2015. Her main research interests are mainly in the field of vehicular networking, 5G and beyond systems, and future Internet architectures. She has published more than 120 papers in international peer-reviewed journals and conferences. She has received three best paper awards for research in the vehicular networking field and the IEEE ComSoc EMEA Outstanding Young Researcher Award in 2015. She is involved in the organization of many international conferences and she gave tutorials on V2X topics at IEEE WCNC 2012, 2018 and 2019, IEEE ICC 2017, EuCNC2017, IEEE PIMRC 2019. She was invited to participate, with other experts, to the Dagsthul Seminar on “Inter-vehicular Communication TowardsCooperative Driving”, May 2018. She is member of the Editorial Board of several international journals and co-editor of the book “Vehicular ad hoc network: standards, solutions and research”, Springer-Verlag (2015). She is Guest Editor of the special issue on “Multi-radio, Multi-technology, Multi-system Vehicular Communications”, in Computer Communications (2016), for the Special Issue on “5G-V2X Communications and Networking for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles”, in Future Internet journal (2019), for the Special Issue on “5G and beyond technologies for vehicular applications” in IEEE Open Journal on Intelligent Transportation Systems (2021). She recently contributed to the ITU FG-NET2030 (Focus Group on Technologies for Network 2030, Additional Representative Use Cases and Key Network Requirements for Network 2030).

Onur Altintas is the InfoTech Labs Fellow and Senior Executive Engineer at InfoTech Labs, Toyota North America R&D, in Mountain View, California. He has been with the Toyota Group since 1999 in various roles in New Jersey, Tokyo and California. He has been the co-founder and general co-chair of the IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (IEEE VNC) since 2009. He serves as an associate editor for IEEE ITS Magazine, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles and IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine. He is an IEEE Distinguished Lecturer.

Alessandro Bazzi is a Senior Researcher at the University of Bologna, Italy, and an associated member of WiLab in the Consorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per le Telecomunicazioni (CNIT). He received a Laurea degree (2002) and a PhD degree (2006) in Telecommunications from the University of Bologna. From 2002 to 2019 he was a researcher of the National Research Council of Italy (CNR) and since the academic year 2006/2007 he holds courses at the University of Bologna about wireless systems and networks. His research interests are mainly on medium access control and radio resource management of wireless networks. Focus has been placed in the last ten years on connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs). He delivered a keynote on CAVs at ICUMT 2020, he won a best paper award atITSC 2017, he participated to several conferences as tutorial instructor or panelist (IARIA MOBILITY 2012, IEEE ISWCS 2017, IEEE ComSoc Spring School 2019, IEEE PIMRC 2019, IEEE ICC 2021), and he organized Special Sessions or Workshops at IEEE PIMRC 2018 and IEEE PIMRC 2019. He acted as Guest Editor for the Elsevier Journal of Network and Computer Applications and MDPI Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks, he is in the Editorial board of Hindawi Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing and MDPI Vehicles, and Chief Editor of Hindawi Mobile Information Systems. He is currently working as Project Manager in projects on the validation of CAVs and on the next generation V2X technologies, he is contributing to the activities in Car2Car on co-channel coexistence at 5.9 GHz and he is part of the ETSI Specialist Task Force on V2X multi-channel operations.

Falko Dressler is full professor and Chair for Data Communications and Networking at the School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, TU Berlin. He received his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees from the Dept. of Computer Science, University of Erlangen in 1998 and 2003, respectively. Dr. Dressler has been associate editor-in-chief for IEEE Trans. on Mobile Computing and Elsevier Computer Communications as well as an editor for journals such as IEEE/ACM Trans. on Networking, IEEE Trans. on Network Science and Engineering, Elsevier Ad Hoc Networks, and Elsevier Nano Communication Networks. He has been chairing conferences such as IEEE INFOCOM, ACM MobiSys, ACM MobiHoc, IEEE VNC, IEEE GLOBECOM. He authored the textbooks Self-Organization in Sensor and Actor Networks published by Wiley & Sons and Vehicular Networking published by Cambridge University Press. He has been an IEEE Distinguished Lecturer as well as an ACM Distinguished Speaker.Dr. Dressler is an IEEE Fellow as well as an ACM Distinguished Member. He is a member of the German National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech). He has been serving on the IEEE COMSOC Conference Council and the ACM SIGMOBILE Executive Committee. His research objectives include adaptive wireless networking (sub-6GHz, mmWave, visible light, molecular communication) and wireless-based sensing with applications in ad hoc and sensor networks, the Internet of Things, and Cyber-Physical Systems.

Maxime Flament is Chief Technology Officer of the 5G Automotive Association (5GAA), the global cross-industry association for the development of end-to-end vehicular connectivity solutions. Maxime has almost 25 years of experience in both automotive and telecommunications research and innovation. He was working also as Head of Department for Connected & Automated Driving (CAD) at ERTICO –ITS Europe, the European association promoting research and deployment on Intelligent Transportation Systems. He holds a PhD and MSc in Mobile Communication from Chalmers Technical University, Sweden as well as a second MSc in Electronics from the Universite Libre de Bruxelles. In 2001, he was visiting researcher at Stanford University, CA, USA.

Stefano Sorrentino is currently a Principal researcher at Ericsson Research in Stockholm (Sweden), coordinating research activities on Automotive, Transportation and Public Safety. He has previously worked at Politecnico di Milano and Nokia-Siemens Networks (formerly Siemens). He has several years of experience as Ericsson’s 3GPP RAN1 delegate and has contributed to the creation of new systems for Public Safety and for Automotive. He has even acted as Chairman for specific ad-hoc sessions in RAN1. Stefano has numerous patents in the area of wireless communications and is author of several IEEE conference and journal papers. He received the Inventor of the Year award in 2018. More recently, Stefano has been Chairman for the System Architecture group in the 5G Automotive Association, helping it to grow to about 150 Members. He is now Ericsson Board member in 5GAA.